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Tooth decay is also known as dental caries, is caused by certain strains of oral bacteria that produce an acidic substance onto the enamel, which starts the gradual process of decay. But its important to keep in mind, that we have many types of bacteria in our mouth and stomach, and not all are unhealthy or cause pathology.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of gingiva (gum tissue). It is mildest and most common form of gum disease. It is caused by the toxins in plaque (bacteria). When the toxins start effecitng the bone under the gums, that is called Periodontits (inflammation of gum and bone), and then the bone level around teeth drop, which can lead to gum infections and tooth loss.There are various types and severity of Periodontitis, and it is important to keep up with office and home maintenance. Sometimes Gum Surgery is required to stop the spread of Periodontitis.
Many patients clench and/or grind their teeth at night (also known as Bruxism). Often patients are unaware of the nighttime activity, since they are sleeping. Sometimes their partner or family member may hear the noise of the teeth grinding against each other. Without protection, over time, patients can wear-down, chip, fracture, crack and lose teeth due to Bruxism. It is important to wear a Night Guard custom fabricated by your Burlington Dentist.
There are many types of oral lesions, including fungal, bacterial and traumatic lesions. However, often most concerning is oral cancer which accounts for roughly two percent of all cancers diagnosed annually in North America.
Risk Factors Include:
Tobacco and alcohol use. Most cases of oral cancer are linked to cigarette smoking, heavy alcohol use, or the use of both tobacco and alcohol together. It is important to realise, even smoking Marijuana likely increases risks of developing oral cancer, due to the trauma of repeated heat and smoke.
HPV Infection with the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (specifically the HPV 16 type) has been linked to some oral cancers.
Age. The risk increases as an individual gets older, most often (but not always) over the age of 40 with age. Oral cancer most often occurs in people over the age of 40.
Sun Exposure. Cancer of the lip can be caused by sun exposure. It is important to wear lip balm with an appropriate SPF.
Diet. A diet low in fruits and vegetables may play a role in oral cancer development.
Possible Signs & Symptoms
See a dentist or physician if any of the following symptoms lasts for more than 2 weeks.
It is important to find oral cancer as early as possible, as that increase the success of treatment. During your routine dental visit, your dentist or dental hygienist will check for signs of cancer.